A spice is a dried seed, root, fruit, bark or some other plant part that is primarily used for food flavoring. As such, they should be used to improve taste and aroma of the main dish ingredient (for example fish, meat, salad etc), not to kill the taste!
Spices are distinguished from herbs - herbs are parts of leafy green plants like leaves and flowers, also used for flavoring food and improving taste.
Will you use your plants as fresh, dried, frozen etc. is totally up to you, but most of the herbs have best taste right after being picked (herb), but some of them achieve best aroma and flavor after drying (spice).
Some herbs grow as annual, some as biennial and some as perennial plants. Their size and requirements also vary - this is very important when planning your herb garden, regardless if you grow your herbs in regular soil patches, in raised beds or flower pots.
In Mediterranean cuisine, lemon is commonly used for seasoning the food giving it specific taste and fragrance. The best of all is that lemon tree can be easily grown at home in the containers and larger flower pots, with dwarf lemons growing even on windowsills. If you have a garden, large balcony or any kind of free space on a sunny position, protected from the cold wind, and you like slightly acidic aroma of lemon, consider growing a lemon or two. No farmed lemon can compete with homegrown lemon in terms of aroma and taste.
Parsley (Petroselinum Crispum) is biennial plant grown for its aromatic leaves and roots. It is very modest plant and easy to grow. Just few pots of parsley can provide continued supply of fresh parsley leaves that can be used in various meals and dishes.
Chives (Allium Schoenoprasum) is 30cm (one foot) tall perennial plant that belongs to the same genus as garlic and onion. It is grown for leaves (blades) and flowers.
Dill (Anethum Graveolens) is a 60-90 cm (2-3 feet) tall annual plant. It has slender, hollow stems with finely divided, soft and delicate, 10–20 cm (4–8 inches) long leaves. It is similar to Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare).
Garden Chervil (Anthriscus Cerefolium) is annual plant that grows some 50 - 70 cm in height. It is also known as French parsley or gourmet's parsley. It is grown mostly for its leaves that resemble parsley leaves.
Wild Garlic (Allium Ursinum) is 30cm (one foot) tall perennial herb plant suitable for growing in the garden or in the flower pots. It is also known as broad-leaved garlic, ramsons, buckrams, wood garlic, bear leek, bear's garlic etc. Its Latin name comes from the fact that in the wild, bears like its bulbs and dig them out regularly.
Bay Laurel (Laurus Nobilis) is a tree or large shrub with green, glossy leaves. It can grow even up to 3-4m high and can be quite impressive tree in any garden. It is an evergreen plant with very aromatic leaves often used in Mediterranean cuisine fresh or dried.
Lavender can be easily grown in flower pots and containers, if certain rules are followed. This enables us to grow lavender on balconies and terraces and makes possible to reposition blooming lavender plants as desired.
Common Lavender (Lavandula Angustifolia) or simply 'lavender', is a perennial flowering shrub that can grow up to 2m tall. It is very aromatic plant, having strong and distinctive scent.